Causes of Hair Loss: Is your hair falling out abruptly or thinning out? Normally, a person has 100,000 hairs so losing 50-100 hair per day is pretty normal. But if you’re having a noticeable hair loss. It is a thing to worry about.
Hair loss is scientifically termed as alopecia. It affects the scalp or the hair of entire body. Depending upon the cause and the condition, the hair loss can be temporary or permanent. Hair loss occurs when the new hair doesn’t replace the hair that has fallen out. The cause of hair loss is infinite. It results from the hormonal changes, medical conditions, inheritance. Hair loss is more commonly observed in the men than the women.
The ultimate result of hair loss is the baldness that means an excessive hair loss and the condition where scalp becomes a clear hairless skin.
Symptoms of the Hair Loss
You will lose a little of your hair every time you brush or stroke through the hair. So, how to know if you’re really facing an actual hair loss. Below are some conditions that classifies as the causes of hair loss symptoms.
1. Thinning on Top of Head
Men develops a condition where hair begins to recede at the hairline whereas the women hair loss typically starts by the broadening of the part in their hair.
2. Abrupt Hair Loss
If you’re combing your hair and every time a bush of hair comes out, it means you’re at a risk of hair loss.
3. Full Body Hair Loss
We’ll be discussing below some conditions in which you will be facing a hair loss among your entire body. There are conditions that affects the hair follicles on every part of your body.
4. Bald Spots
If you’re noticing a circular or patchy bald spot in your scalp, that is an alarming symptom of the hair loss.
Most Common Causes
So, what causes hair fall at the first place?
There are generally many reasons that causes the hair loss. Some common hair loss causes are
- Hereditary hair loss
- Alopecia areata
- Scarring alopecia
- Scalp psoriasis
- Cancer Treatment
- Hormonal imbalance
- Deficiency of biotin, zinc or protein
- Scalp infection
- Thyroid disease
- Hair treatments
- Pulling the hair
Hereditary Hair Loss
Simply put, it is in your genes! There is a hereditary condition called pattern baldness that causes hair loss. If you have the genes of it, it is almost inevitable for you to avoid it. Commonly, males are at much higher risk of having pattern baldness than the females. The condition is scientifically called androgenic alopecia. If you’re a male with family incidence of hair loss and notice a receding hairline or bald spot, you may have inherited this condition.
According to a research, pattern baldness affects 50 million men and 30 million women in the United States. The androgenic alopecia starts developing from the teenage and a person is fifty percent affected by the age of 40-49. This hair fall might be caused due to some mis-matched dies, learn about foods that cause hair loss.
Instead of the genes, it’s your immune system this type. Sometimes, a condition develops in the immune system of the body that causes the body’s immune system to attack the hair follicle. Due to this condition, you can loss hair everywhere on your body. Sometimes, the condition worsens as much as to loss the eyebrows and the eye lashes also.
In this case, a condition develops inflammation that destroys the hair follicles. It occurs due to progressive deposition of collagen and loss of sebaceous glands. Once, the hair follicle is destroyed, the hair can not grow back ever. It is a permanent form of the hair loss. According to a research, the scarring alopecia develops in up to three percent of patients facing hair loss.
This condition develops when the body immune system sends false signals and skin cell grows rapidly. It makes a skin disorder that makes the skin reddish and raised. It often causes scalp patches. This condition leads to the hair loss.
Age is one of the major reasons of hair loss. Hair loss due to age starts in your 50s and 60s when the hair follicle stops growing hair and the growth ceases gradually with age. Along with hair loss, the hair pigment also starts to lose that cause the graying of the hair.
Cancer patients undergoing the chemotherapy and radiation often gets hair loss as a side effect. The hair follicles get weak and stop growing the hair. The good news is hair usually grows back within months post chemotherapy. A cooling cap is usually used by cancer patients between the chemotherapy sessions to avoid the hair loss.
A hormonal imbalance can cause hair loss. A hormone is metabolic protein that regulates most of the body’s functions. DHT (Dihydrotestosterone) and DHEA (Dehydroepiandrosterone) are the hormones associated with the hair follicles. An imbalance in them causes hair loss. Also, during polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) cysts and ovarian condition also causes the hair loss.
Deficiency of Nutrients
Deficiency of certain nutrients that are necessary for hair growth causes the hair loss.
It is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for the vision, hair growth, immune system and skin health. Lack of this vitamin causes scaly, dry skin and loss of hair.
Biotin are metabolites that coverts our food into energy, The deficiency of biotin causes the thinning of hair, hair loss, scaly skin and brittle nails.
Vitamin C is an antioxidant that is needed by our body to produce protein collagen, wound healing and healthy skin. A deficiency of vitamin C causes hair loss due to disturbed body processes.
Zinc is a mineral necessary for metabolism, immune function and wound healing. Zinc in the diet helps the hair to be healthy and reduce the incidence of the hair loss.
Scalp infection causes the scalp to be scaly and inflamed. Sometimes, the scalp spots become bald due to the prevalent conditions.
In case, the thyroid is not working is not well, two conditions develop that are hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. This condition if not treated well causes the hair growth from the entire scalp. It causes the hair comes out in bunches and ultimately causes the entire head hair to loss.
New moms experience excessive hair shedding after the pregnancy. The hair fall is usually very much for the first four months and subsides in almost a year. It is a totally normal condition.
Stress and hair loss are interrelated. Conditions such as divorce or death of close one can cause high stress in the body. It pushes the hair follicles in the resting phase.
Most of us like to get our hair done but that’s an issue in that. The chemicals that perm and dye your hair may cause conditions that makes the hair weak or causes them to fall out. All the products such a shampoo, conditioners, hair serums, dry shampoos have harsh and strong chemicals that can cause the hair loss.
Pulling the hair is a mental condition that creates this ‘urge’ in the person to pull the hair from scalp, eyebrows and almost from any part of the body. Continuous hair pulling can also cause hair loss.
If you are taking medications and observing a change in your hair strength, you can check or consult your doctor. Usually, some medications have hair loss as a side-effect. If that medication intake is stopped, normal hair growth can be observed back in about five to six months.
Interestingly, studies have shown that men who smoke are more likely to develop pattern baldness.
Heating the Hairs
Simply put, Heat is a killer for the proteins in your hair. If you’re someone who regularly styles the hair with straighteners and curlers, the chance is you’ll encounter hair loss and your hair will be so much thinned. Such equipment should not be used frequently.
There is a condition called traction alopecia that is caused when hair is styled in high ponytails and in ways that the scalp faces friction and force. It also causes hair loss.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Some of the sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis, gonorrhea and herpes cause increase in the risk of a person losing their hair. This condition causes patchy or diffuse nonscarring hair loss.
Though in come conditions hair loss is inevitable, a healthy person can adopt some preventive steps to avoid hair loss that is caused by mistakes in the common routine.
- Use a wide- toothed comb to brush the hair.
- Avoid treatments such as rollers, curlers, straighteners, hot oil treatments etc.
- Avoid Smoking.
- Don’t make hair styles that pulls out the hair in harsh ways.
- Don’t use strong chemicals on hair. Avoid shampooing the hair every day.
- Protect the hair from sunlight and other such elements.
If you feel like any of the symptoms matches with you, consult a doctor or dermatologist. They’ll diagnose the cause of the hair loss and prescribe suitable medications and treatments. Hair loss is a condition everyone faces once in their lifetime, so there is no need to worry about. With new treatments and techniques, hair loss can be reversed and you can get your shiny hair locks back.