Illnesses That Cause Hair Loss: Hair loss is caused when the body cycle is disrupted in such a way that the body hair production gets affected. A more scientific term for hair loss is alopecia. Our hair cycle grows through vigorous stages of growing, resting, falling, and regeneration. Some illness or diseases disturbs the hair cycle and ultimately the hair starts to fall out.
Symptoms of Hair Loss
Some of the symptoms of a prevalent hair loss are:
Gradual thinning of the hair
- Full-body hair loss
- Bald spots on the scalp
- Patches of scaling on the scalp
- Loosening of the hair
Causes of Hair Loss
1. Hormonal changes:
In some conditions, hair loss is caused by hormone imbalance.
Such imbalance conditions occur in conditions such as
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Menstruation incidence such as menopause
If you have faced stress or any mental or physical shock, you can also get hair loss.
- Someone’s death
- An accident
- Extreme weight loss
If you’ve conditions mentioned below, there is a chance that its medications may cause hair loss as a side-effect.
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems
Medical condition or illnesses that targets the hair cycle. You can check out all the causes of hair loss.
Illnesses That Cause Hair Loss
Certain medical conditions tend to affect the hair cycle of the body and ultimately cause hair fall.
1. Andeogenetic Alopecia
It is a hereditary condition commonly called pattern baldness that causes hair loss. Commonly, males are at a much higher risk of having pattern baldness than females. If you’re a male with a family incidence of hair loss and notice a receding hairline or bald spot, you may have inherited this condition.
According to research, pattern baldness affects 50 million men and 30 million women in the United States. The androgenic alopecia starts developing from the teenage and a person is fifty percent affected by the age of 40-49.
Male Pattern Hair Loss:
If you have inherited the condition of pattern baldness, it progresses and starts at teenage and occurs till middle age. The hair loss starts above the temple and continues around the top of the head. Men ultimately became bald at the end.
Female Pattern Hair Loss:
In women, hairline does not recede and baldness is rare.
Treatment: Treatments are available for this condition.
2. Alopecia Areate
Sometimes, a condition develops in the immune system of the body that causes the body’s immune system to attack the hair follicle. Hence, it is termed an autoimmune disease.
This condition affects the adult and children.
Due to this condition, you can lose hair everywhere on your body. Sometimes, the condition worsens as much as to lose the eyebrows and the eyelashes also.
Treatment: This condition can be treated with doctor-prescribed medication that stimulates hair growth.
3. Scarring Alopecia
In this case, a condition develops inflammation that destroys the hair follicles. It occurs due to progressive deposition of collagen and loss of sebaceous glands. Once, the hair follicle is destroyed, the hair cannot grow back ever. It is a permanent form of hair loss. According to research, scarring alopecia develops in up to three percent of patients facing hair loss.
Treatment: It destroys the hair follicle and once the hair follicle is damaged, its treatment is not possible.
4. Scalp Psoriasis
This condition develops when the body immune system sends false signals and skin cell grows rapidly. It makes a skin disorder that makes the skin reddish and raised. It often causes scalp patches. It forms plaque psoriasis. This condition leads to hair loss.
Treatment: Medications for scalp psoriasis heal the condition. Once the condition is cleared, the hair can regrow.
5. Tinea Capitis
Tinea Capitis is a fungal infection that is caused by a fungus known as the scalp ringworm. The hair falls out in patches and a bald spot develops at the target area. It also makes the scalp itchy, red, and scaly.
Treatment: This condition can be treated with doctor-prescribed medication that stimulates hair growth. Usually, an antifungal medication is given that is taken orally.
6. Folliculitus Decalvans
It is an inflammatory condition that causes redness, swelling, and lesions on the scalp. The skin forms pus and pustules. It leads to the destruction of the hair follicles.
Treatment: Irreversible hair follicle damage is caused by this condition. A doctor can prescribe medicines to stop or cease the symptoms.
How much hair loss is normal?
Out of the 100000 hairs that our scalp has, an average of 50-100 hair falls every day. A hair falls more than that tends to be considered alarming.
There are many reasons to have a hair fall. Though medically, it does not cause any illness or disease, a hair loss can affect mental health and physical appearance. If you want to get yourself treated, there are plenty of effective treatments available for hair loss. Medications and surgery are opted by many people to regrow the hair back.