Hair loss from stress: Having a positive routine including some sort of normal exercise such as walking or doing yoga can help to reduce the stress on the body.
Normal Hair Cycle
A normal hair cycle consists of following three stages.
- Anagen Phase: It is the hair active growth phase. It lasts for two to eight years.
- Catagen Phase: During this condition, the hair goes in a transition stage where the hair fiber growth stops. It lasts for 2-3 weeks.
- Telogen Phase: This is the hair’s resting stage. It is at this stage where the hair is reaching out of the skin’s surface. It lasts for about 3 months.
When a body undergoes surgery that creates stress in the body that leads to the hair cycle being stuck at the rest/ telogen phase. This condition is called telogen effluvium. Normally, 10 percent of the hair is in the telogen phase. In telogen effluvium, 20- 50% of hair goes in the resting phase. Hair is not a vital organ. When a body undergoes stress conditions such as in surgery, the body produces too much cortisol– the stress hormone. To combat it, the body drives a healing mechanism. Since hair is not required for any metabolic function or other processes, hair is the last organ that gets the nutrients and energy. Telogen Effluvium usually completely resolves in a span of a few months post-surgery and does not require any treatment. The hair follicles are affected for a temporary period. Hair regrows in eight months.
Conditions That Trigger Stress
If a body encounters stress, the cortisol production of the body increases. The conditions that trigger such stress are:
- Sudden weight loss
- Nutritional deficiency
- Thyroid conditions such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
Diagnoses of Telogen Effluvium
Diagnoses to identify telogen effluvium can be done by following steps.
- Noticeable Hair thinning
- A Hair pull test- increased number of hairs indicates hair loss condition
- Trichogram (Clinical practice) test. A 25% telogen hair confirms the disease.
- Light Microscope examination
- Chronic examination requires scale biopsy.
Treatment For Stress Hair Loss
Having a positive routine including some sort of normal exercise such as walking or doing yoga can help to reduce the stress on the body. Treatment for hair loss from stress.
Hair loss happens due to the body’s need to be able to provide hair the nutrients and oxygen. The body needs nutrients such as zinc, biotin, vitamin A and vitamin C. You can add this nutrient as a regular diet or supplements post-surgery. Biotin is a metabolite that coverts our food into energy, The deficiency of biotin causes the thinning of hair, hair loss, scaly skin, and brittle nails. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that is needed by our body to produce protein collagen, wound healing, and healthy skin. A deficiency of vitamin C causes hair loss due to disturbed body processes. It is a fat-soluble vitamin necessary for vision, hair growth, immune system, and skin health. Lack of this vitamin causes scaly, dry skin and loss of hair. Zinc is a mineral necessary for metabolism, immune function, and wound healing. Zinc in the diet helps the hair to be healthy and reduces the incidence of hair loss.
The most common medicine prescribed for Telogen effluvium is minoxidil. Minoxidil is proven to be effective to stimulate hair regrowth. It is a mainstay treatment for androgenetic alopecia and hypertensive conditions. On the other hand, anti-hair fall scalp tonics and serums can be used also. If the hair loss is significant, in-clinic scalp treatments and low-level laser treatments are also recommended.
Hair loss conditions due to stressful conditions is a normal thing. The condition usually heals on its own without any complication. It is best to have a good diet including the required nutrients and light exercise routine post-surgery. If the condition still does not heal, get yourself examined by the doctor to prescribe medicines and clinical treatments.