Hair loss is caused when the body cycle is disrupted and the hair production gets affected. A more scientific term for hair loss is alopecia. Our hair cycle grows through vigorous stages of growing, resting, falling, and regeneration. Some illness or diseases disturbs the hair cycle and ultimately the hair starts to fall out. Out of the 100000 hairs that our scalp has, an average of 50-100 hair falls every day. A hair falls more than that tends to be considered alarming.The good news is treatment for hair loss in the form of medication and surgery are available for the hair regrowth.
Symptoms of Hair Loss
Some of the symptoms of a prevalent hair loss are:
Gradual thinning of the hair
- Full-body hair loss
- Bald spots on the scalp
- Patches of scaling on the scalp
- Loosening of the hair
Causes of Hair Loss
1. Hormonal Changes
In some conditions, hair loss is caused by hormone imbalance.
Such imbalance conditions occur in conditions such as
- Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
- Menstruation incidence such as menopause
If you have faced stress or any mental or physical shock, you can also get hair loss.
- Someone’s death
- An accident
- Extreme weight loss
If you’ve conditions mentioned below, there is a chance that its medications may cause hair loss as a side-effect.
- High blood pressure
- Heart problems
Medical condition or illnesses that targets the hair cycle. Some illnesses that commonly occurs are
- Androgenetic alopecia
- Alopecia areata
- Scarring alopecia
- Scalp psoriasis
Check out all the causes of hair loss.
Treatment for Hair Loss
There are three ways, the hair loss condition is treated. The treatments are affected to reduce hair growth, stimulate partial hair regrowth and replacement of the damaged hair.
1. Cosmetic Option
It includes getting yourself wigs and hairpieces. It is an affordable way to overcome the shyness and physical appearance issue that comes with the hair loss.
It is the first medical step to combat the hair loss.
Medications are available to treat the pattern baldness. Pattern baldness is an inherited hair condition that affects more men than the women. The common medications include
Minoxidil or Rogaine does not need prescription. It comes in liquid, foam and shampoo foams. The solution is applied on the scalp skin and can be used as a shampoo. It takes about a treatment of six months to see an evident effect on the hair growth.
Side Effects: It may cause scalp irritation.
It is an oral drug prescribed for men. It is suitable for men below the age of 60. According to study, a tablet of finasteride a day can improve hair loss in 95% of the men.
Side Effects: Uncommon side effects may occur. It affects the sexual drive of men.
This drug is prescribed to women. It has multifunction including stopping the oil production, acne, hair loss on the scalp and unwanted facial hair.
Hair Transplantation Surgery
In hair transplant surgery, the dermatologists remove hair from a part of the head that has healthy pair and transplants the hair follicles to the bald spot. Th surgeon takes hair from the front or top of the head. Pattern baldness patients, or patients with thin hair or scalp issues can go for a hair transplant surgery.
Two main techniques are performed to treat the pattern baldness.
1. Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
In follicular unit transplantation, the surgeon uses a scalpel to cuts the scalp skin and then the back of head. Incisions are made and the surgery removes portion of scalps. The portions are grafted with healthy hair follicles.
2. Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
In follicular unit extraction the hair follicles are cut directly from the back of the head and new improved follicles are grafted in the places.
Duration of Hair Transplant : A hair transplant session almost takes three to four hours. The stitches are then removed after 10-15 days.
Sessions of Hair Transplant
It depends upon your body. Usually, a person has to take three to four sessions of the transplant to achieve full hair regrowth.
Post- Surgery Medications
The scalp after the medication gets sore. If hair loss starts after the surgery, you can learn about it in detail hair loss after surgery.
Following people should not get a hair transplant surgery:
- People with no active healthy follicular sites
- People with thick fibrous scars
- Cancer patients post chemotherapy
Normal Medications that are prescribed post-surgery are
- Anti-inflammatory medicines
Though fully not curable, hair loss can be treatment by undergoing a surgery or medication. Medications are suitable for people with pattern baldness while surgery works best for patients having donor sites i.e., healthy hair follicles. You have to consult a dermatologist to diagnose the cause and extent of the hair loss. Afterwards, one can get a hair loss treatment as decided by the consultant.